How to Write an Informative essay, useful tips
The aim of your informative essay is not in giving your opinion, but to inform and educate your audience on a topic given. Sometimes, informative speech essays are also called the expository essays and it is not for convincing someone to change his/her beliefs.
In addition, being informative it means to be interesting. Nevertheless, you can share your thoughts concerning the issue you care about, what has surprised you and made think about it, but not in persuasive tone.
Generally, your informative essay might:
- Inform readers about some problem they are not aware
- Explain its importance
- Present the latest research on a topic
- Compare viewpoints on a controversial subjects
- Analyze a cause-effect relationship
Sometimes it happens that creation of your own essay requires analysis and processing of someone’s other informative text and thoughts. To implement this properly, it is worth remembering three simple rules:
- To cut down the field of your own efforts and time spent, it’s not necessary to work with an entire text. Select a specific, most informative fragment and work with it.
- If author’s thoughts are needed to be express, do it, but without distortion and in a short form.
- And the final stage will be your informative presentation, compiled from such passages.
Informative speech essay and its structure
Unlike some other scientific work, informative essays has no clear structure, however, the basic principles of writing must be met. For this course, your essay should be 3–5 pages in length and use at least four sources. Preferably, a formal academic writing style should be used, instead of saying «I think» or relying on personal experience.
The basic structure of an informative essay is very simple. As a simple persuasive essay, it needs to have: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. The primary, while writing an essay, is your topic presence. This topic will be the title of your work. The cover page, if needed, should be filled according to your educational institution forms.
The beginning, or introduction, needs to present the topic and grab your audience attention. It needs to include the focus sentence for the entire essay. The first paragraph starts with a general idea (compared to the thesis) and gradually gets more and more specific. Give some background information about the key words and terminology. Foreshadow the key points and main information that your essay will give. After that, finish with your thesis. Usually, the informative essay thesis can be as comparison viewpoints on a controversial subject or different sources data on a certain issue analysis, etc. Don’t forget to research and gather all the pertinent details on that subject.
The body of your informative speech essay should provide all the necessary information and materials to your audience. It has to piece out fully the lack of information on this issue. Use various sources, facts and expert judgments. Make sure all your facts are accurate. Create an outline that will organize your facts in a logical way. If a simple persuasive essay contains one statement for one paragraph and relevant evidence, then, in our case, each paragraph must contain a certain informative facts line. For example: if your issue is «Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease», then your body must contain full and comprehensive particulars about the reported cases of heart disease, its numbers and severity of the problem.
Then, tell about the research and experiments that prove possible connection of Cholesterol and Heart Disease, as well as specify necessarily, all arguments against this theory. Present all the necessary statistics and facts.
As usual, move here from specific to general. You should to restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against the main thesis of your topic. As the example of informative essay closing, you can start with the following words: «So that now you know more about the elevated blood cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia and that it can be one of the most important risk factors for myocardial infarction. » However, you should NEVER introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion. Its main purpose is to round off your informative essay by summing up.
And finally, remember that informative essay is not a persuasive essay; it should be objective and impartial. It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.
7 steps to succeed in the informative essay writing
- Choose the topic for your informative essay.
- Remember that the aim of informative essay is not impose your view, but to inform and educate the audience on a topic chosen.
- Create the outline that will organize your facts in a logical way.
- List all the questions you have about your topic and what you are going to perform.
- Gather all the necessary information for the work, from at least four sources.
- Research your topic online and in a library. Find authoritative, credible sources
- Analyze the facts and research details found.
- Present the topic and grab your audience attention.
- Give some background information about the key words and terminology.
- Compare the viewpoints and facts on a controversial subject or different sources data.
- Start with a general idea which gradually get more and more specific.
Imagine the inverted pyramid:
-Provide all the necessary information and materials to your target audience
-Use various sources, facts and expert judgments
-Make sure all your facts are accurate
- Restate about the seriousness of issue and summarize the facts for and against your main thesis
- Never introduce some new information or ideas in the conclusion
- The main purpose for your conclusion is to round off the essay by summing up
Analyze all the work done.
Think whether all the information has been provided and if there could arise any prejudices in the audience according to the material presented
Informative essay is not a persuasive essay;
It should be objective and impartial;
Your writing should be both informative and interesting without making an argument or imparting the author’s view point
It is the best way to explain something that is complicated…in an uncomplicated way.
Here are some possible titles for your informative essay to choose from:
How to Buy a Nice House
Understanding Your Credit Score
The Importance of Regular Daily Exercises
The Causes of Global Warming
Cost Savings of Hybrid Vehicles
Qualifications of Contractors
Understanding the Link between Cholesterol and Heart Disease
Defining Poverty in the City of Chicago
Reducing Carbon Emissions with Alternative Fuels
How to Get your Commercial Driver’s License
The Health Benefits and disadvantages of a Vegetarian Diet
Why Cleaning Your Ducts is Important
Understanding Geothermal Heating and Cooling
Let’s cut to the chase. You have to write an informative essay. You pretty much know how to write one, but you’ve been staring blankly out the window because you can’t think of anything to write about.
Am I right?
Regardless of whether you’ve been staring out the window or avoiding the task at hand by endlessly updating your Facebook page, you need to get writing…and fast.
Lucky for you, you’ve found your way to the right place. I have 21 informative essay topics to help get your essay started.
What Is an Informative Essay?
I’m sure you can figure out that when writing an informative essay you need to inform your audience about a topic. Of course, there’s more to it than that.
You need to give your readers enough information so they fully understand what you’re writing about.
You need to assume your readers don’t know much (if anything) about your topic. This is why you’re informing them. (Makes sense, right?)
Here’s an example. Let’s say you’re into skateboarding, and you’re trying to tell a friend all about it. You can’t just start using terms like dropping in, heel-flips, and half-pipes.
You need to explain the lingo and provide enough information so your friend actually understands the words you’re using!
The same is true for an informative essay.
Readers should learn something by reading your essay, so your goal is to provide interesting and informative content in understandable terms (just like I’m doing here!)
How Do I Choose Good Informative Essay Topics?
A good informative essay topic is a topic that isn’t too broad (like the meaning of life) or too narrow (like the best place to take a nap on campus).
A good informative essay topic needs to be interesting to both you and your audience.
Remember, the history of the universe might be interesting to you, but not necessarily to your audience. In this case, it’s your job to make it interesting by engaging your audience.
One final note about choosing informative essay topics:check your assignment guidelines!
If you need to do some research about the topic (and maybe cite your sources in MLA or APA format), then you most certainly need to get researching.
Okay, now that you have the basics about how to choose an informative essay topic, let’s dig into some great ideas! Check out these 21 topics to get your paper started. For some topics, I’ve linked to example essays to help you even more.
21 Informative Essay Topics to Inform Your Next Essay
1. Caffeine addiction
Need a few cups of coffee or a Big Gulp to get through the day? If you’re a caffeine addict like me, think about how miserable you feel without your caffeine fix. Have you ever tried to quit and felt even worse? You might start your paper by informing readers why you live on caffeine and why you’re hooked. You might also include a discussion of how it has affected you or maybe even your struggles to break your addiction.
2. Domestic violence
Because this is such an important issue, make sure to provide readers with statistics and facts to help drive home the importance of helping prevent domestic violence and helping victims.
You might narrow this broad topic to discuss poverty in your community or a specific region. Informing people of the effects of poverty can help educate and also help people understand how to solve the problem.
4. Plastic surgery
Plastic surgery has grown in popularity in recent years, and many teens are even lining up for surgery. How young is too young to go under the knife? You might want to include a brief history of plastic surgery and why it has become so popular.
I’m guessing that, like procrastination, this is a word than most students can relate to. Especially if your audience is made of fellow students, an essay explaining how to beat stress will be both informative and useful.
This is something most students can relate to. If you decide to inform readers about procrastination, you might try a more unconventional approach and tell your audience how procrastination can actually work to your advantage.
7. Winning the lottery
Most of us have had dreams of hitting it big, and we have a long list of ideas of how we’d spend that much money. (A new BMW is at the top of my list.) But have you ever watched those TV shows that explain how winning the lottery actually ruined someone’s life? An informative essay about winning the lottery could easily explain both the positive and negative outcomes of winning such a large sum of money.
This type of essay might focus on a historical discussion. After all, prostitution is often called the world’s oldest profession.You might also approach the topic with a discussion of the dangers of prostitution or even why it should be legalized.
Informing readers of possible causes and/or solutions to either problem is a good place to start. You might also consider focusing on various ways to treat either disorder.
10. Illegal immigration
While illegal immigration easily lends itself to a historical discussion, keep in mind that immigration is also a current topic with plenty of arguments surrounding immigrants and their status within the U.S.
Although racism can be a touchy subject, it’s important to educate your readers about both the causes and effects (and of course solutions). Because it’s such a big topic, you’ll want to narrow your paper down to a specific angle. For example, racism in the U.S. justice system or racism in schools.
For years, adults hated tattoos and rebellious teens and young adults loved them. The tide has shifted, though, and seemingly everyone has a tattoo now. What has caused this societal shift? Why are tattoos now mainstream?
The tanning industry argues that tanning beds are safe, yet doctors report that the beds are a clear link to skin cancer. Examining both sides of the issue can help your readers form their own opinions.
14. Teen Pregnancy
Some point to a lack of parental supervision as the reason behind high teen pregnancy rates. Others point to media and social pressures. Still others think TV shows, such as “Teen Mom” are actually decreasing rates of teen pregnancy. Your essay might include the reasons for teen pregnancy and discuss the current rates of teen pregnancy and possible solutions.
15. Violence on college campuses
This topic lends itself to a discussion of current violent attacks on campus and the debate on whether or not people should be allowed to openly carry firearms on campus.
Because this is such a broad topic, you might try focusing your paper on your local community and community resources. Write about why the problem of homeless exists in your community and possible solutions.
17. Childhood obesity
People point to many causes for childhood obesity, including fast-food, video games, and a lack of physical education in schools. You might focus your paper on one of these causes, or you might try to address aspects of several arguments (if you have enough time and space).
18. Prison overcrowding
Many argue that legalizing drugs is the simplest solution to overcrowding in prisons. Others argue for decreased mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent offenses.You may also want to examine the effects of prison overcrowding on staff and inmates.
19. Music censorship
Do you love it when your favorite song comes on the radio but are ready to scream when the station plays the edited version? Should music be censored, or does censorship violate freedom of speech?
Ever try to use your debit card only to find out your account is locked because of “suspicious activity”? If so, then you certainly have a personal connection to cyber-security. Of course, your paper might also include a discussion of widespread security breaches, such as those at Target or Lowes.
21. College textbook costs
Do I need to even mention how ridiculously expensive textbooks are today? Explaining how to save money by using open-source texts and online textbook rental websites would make for a very informative essay.
Putting It All Together
Like a mad scientist who throws a dash of this and a pinch of that together to create some evil concoction, now’s that you’ve chosen your topic from these informative essay topics, it’s time to throw in the other ingredients to create your genius essay.
Add a dash of introduction, a clear thesis statement, a few good hook sentences, a healthy portion of information about your topic, and a pinch of conclusion, and you’ve got a recipe for a killer informative essay!
Don’t forget to have a Kibin editor review your final paper to make sure it’s on the right track.
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