Child abuse is defined as a non-accidental behavior by parents, caregivers, or any other adults that is outside the norms of conduct and can cause physical or emotional harm to a child or a young person (Bromfield, 2005).
There are five main types of child abuse:
- physical abuse
- emotional maltreatment
- sexual abuse
- the witnessing of family violence
Physical abuse is defined as a non-accidental use of physical force that can cause harm to a child. This includes: shoving, hitting, slapping, shaking, throwing, punching, kicking biting, burning, strangling and poisoning (Bromfield, 2005). It doesn’t matter whether an adult had an intend to cause a child harm or not, if an action lead to harm, it is regarded as abusive anyway. Physical abuse can also depend on the age of a child and the nature of the behavior: an action which can be regarded as dangerous and potentially harmful for a child of a certain age can also be regarded as physical abuse.
Emotional abuse is defined as an inappropriate verbal or symbolic act towards a child that can lead to child’s problems on a psychological level.
There are five main kinds of psychological maltreatment:
- rejecting: the adult refuses to acknowledge the child’s worth and the legitimacy of the child’s needs;
- isolating: the adult cuts the child off from normal social experiences, prevents the child from forming friendships, and makes the child believe that he or she is alone in the world;
- terrorizing: the adult verbally assaults the child, creates a climate of fear, bullies and frightens the child, and makes the child believe that the world is capricious and hostile;
- ignoring: the adult deprives the child of essential stimulation and responsiveness, stifling emotional growth and intellectual development;
- corrupting: the adult “mis-socializes” the child, stimulates the child to engage in destructive antisocial behaviour, reinforces that deviance, and makes the child unfit for normal social experience (Garbarino et al. (1986) p. 8)
Another kind of abuse is neglect. It means that either parents, or caregivers do not provide children with enough care as it is expected compared with the norms of society. It consequently can affect child’s physical and psychological development.
Types of neglect include:
- physical neglect: characterized by the care giver’s failure to provide basic physical necessities, such as safe, clean and adequate clothing, housing, food and health care;
- emotional (or psychological) neglect: characterized by a lack of caregiver warmth, nurturance, encouragement and support (note that emotional neglect is sometimes considered a form of emotional maltreatment);
- educational neglect: characterized by a care giver’s failure to provide appropriate educational opportunities for the child; and,
- environmental neglect: characterized by the care giver’s failure to ensure environmental safety, opportunities and resources (Dubowitz, Pitts, & Black, 2004)
Sexual abuse is defined as a use of a child in any sexual activity, with or without consent, and often without child’s understanding. Sexual abuse can happen within a family between family members, with an adult with no familiar relation to a child, or an adult that is in a position of power and authority over the child. Witnessing of family violence is a kind of an abuse that happens when a child is present while a family member is subjected to any kind of violence. Some researches however tend to include this type of an abuse in an emotional type of an abuse.
Bromfield, L. M. (2005). Chronic child maltreatment in an Australian Statutory child protection sample (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Deakin University, Geelong.
Dubowitz, H., Pitts, S. C., & Black, M. M. (2004). Measurement of three major subtypes of child neglect. Child Maltreatment,9(4), 344-356.
Garbarino, J., Guttmann, E., & Seeley, J. W. (1986). The psychologically battered child: Strategies for identification, assessment, and intervention. San Francisco, California: Jossey-Bass Inc.
How to Write a Research Paper Abstract on a Social Topic:
A research paper abstract is a concise summary of your research project; therefore, you should include here major highlights of your work and pointers to what you will discuss further. It is important to describe specifically your work, not your topic in general. Another tip is to keep the language of your research paper abstract neutral. Since it is a social topic, it is possible to become emotionally attached to the topic throughout research, which can show in the language of the whole paper. That kind of tone in a research paper is inadvisable.
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Back to blogApr 16, 2015
Filed under: Sample Papers — Tags: child abuse research paper, research paper abstracts — Joan Young @ 10:05 am
Main Types of Child Abuse to Cover in Your Child Abuse Research Paper
Child abuse defines as the intentional or unintentional action that leads to the mistreatment of children child abuse is often perpetrated by educators, family members, caregivers, day care providers and in rare circumstances the parents of the child. Child abuse has profound negative impacts on the wellbeing of the child and is not only unacceptable in the society but also against the law. Abused children face the risk of developing deviant behaviours and becoming perpetrators of child abuse later on when they are grown up. They tend to mistreat children the same way they were mistreated when they were young. Children rely on adults and parents to take care of them and failure to do results in the children wearing the abuse scars and neglect forever. There are various types of child abuse that can be discussed by a researcher and these include;
Refers to the act of physical mistreatment of a child through excess physical violence.
Psychological and Emotional Abuse
This is the most stable and the hardest to prove. Examples of emotional; abuse are disregarding the needs of the children and tearing them down. Some caregivers manipulate the children for their own selfish gains.
This refers to infringement of the sexuality of children. This could be inappropriate touching of the child’s body. And forceful sexual penetration on the sexual organs of the children. Sexual abuse exposes children to infections and diseases at a very young age thus promoting the spreading of sexual diseases in the community.
This is a common form of child abuse whereby the child does not receive any care and is not provided with the basic needs and safety.
Research on child abuse is important because it provides knowledge and insights that is beneficial to the victim and the families of the victims. Victims of child abuse are not able to speak for themselves and neither do they have the laxity of having representatives who can tell their stories to the world on their behalf. Most often than not, they are dismissed or overlooked when determining which societal problems need attention? This makes child abuse a good area for researchers to focus on since there is still a lot that is yet to be fully explored in the area.
Writing child abuse research papers basics
- Select a good research paper topic, this is vital to writing a good research paper
- Create research paper outline to provide a step by step guideline on how to write a coherent research paper
- Understand the audience that you are addressing and ensure that you remain on point; whether or not they know about child abuse influences the nature of your research such as giving full explanation of definitions or not.
- Use the correct research paper format when writing the research
- Ensure that the research paper conclusion is captivating, convincing and powerful, it should validate the entire research paper.
Child abuse research paper outline
The research paper outline is the root of the research, it is the road map for writing a good essay on child abuse. The outline refers to how you table the arguments, organize your thoughts, and presented information. Failure to prepare the research outline results in a research that has no flow and does not completely explain the arguments of the research. To prepare the research outline, look for research materials that support the topic of discussion which is in this case child abuse research papers and find out how to present the arguments of the research to create a strong research paper on child abuse. It is wise to arrange the thoughts in a chronological manner beginning with the simple and basic arguments then building them by adding complexity and details. Below is an example of a child abuse research paper outline to get you started;
- Definition of child abuse
- The different types of child abuse
- Ramification of the different types of child abuse
- How to detect and prevent child abuse
- Determine how child abuse is assessed
- Determine the legal actions for detecting preventing
- Who is responsible for reporting child abuse
- Treating abused children
- How to handle and treat different kinds of abuse
- Explain the efficacy of the different child abuse treatment options
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